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instructional coaching best practices

7. 2. So the best practices of face-to-face coaching are really little different than those of virtual coaching. These are just a few of the tips offered to instructional coaches new to the field. The poet Rumi wrote, “Patience does not mean to passively endure. What are your thoughts and ideas on this blog post? Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 19(2), 150-175. (It's not possible to fix anyone but ourselves anyway.). Here’s what I wish I’d know then, and what I offer you as you enter this field.Â, 1. What are your goals as a coach? 20. 1720 Broadway, 4th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612510.208.0160 Registered 501(c)(3) | EIN: 94-3222960. teachers learn proven practices. What motivates them? Be patient. Despite this point, coaching practices with the strongest evidence for improving teacher practice and learner outcomes include the following: The job of a coach is to support by listening and shining a light on their … 10. Trust that by giving her time to talk and be heard -- and perhaps a thought-provoking question -- she will get what she needs from the conversation. Observing is a way to gain an … But, as with teaching, how we can best help teachers varies based on individual needs. These are conversations that matter. Find colleagues with whom you can practice coaching skills and practice and practice. What is this teacher excited about? Clarify your definition of coaching. What’s your definition of it? Many teachers do need support in implementing instructional “best practices.” But best practices are just one part of their toolkit, and pushing popular teaching strategies doesn’t result in achieving equity in the classroom. youngest learners (Snyder et al., 2015), less is known about the impact of these coaching practices on these children. Please share in the comments section below. What do they care about deeply? Dessert. Support by Sharing Strategies, Resources and Research. Learn different ways to listen, practice listening, and when in doubt, just listen. As educators, we encounter students with various learning styles and needs. Find the joy in coaching. This is so critical to good work. Create a safe space for risk taking and learning. 16. Talk for less than a third of the time in a coaching session. If you are working through this with colleagues, use the guide as a resource to clarify any questions that arise. You don't have to know everything about teaching or a specific content or curriculum. Your job isn’t to fix anyone. Courtesy of Student Achievement Partners (2014, July 9). Best Practices in Teaching and Learning: Instructional Coaching Model Valley Stream UFSD Thirteen Judith A. LaRocca, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction John Frias, Math Instructional Coach Laurie Salvatore, ELA Instructional Coach January 23, 2018 Observations. Instructional Coaching Strategies | Deep Dive Our job is not to drive their thinking or direct it, or to make them do something.Â. Listen for what matters. What are their core values? How to Use the 5Es in Remote Math Instruction A five-stage instructional model—engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate—can guide students to a deeper understanding of math. There is lots of confusion about the term formative assessment. Staying Current on Best Practices: Possessing a strong knowledge base of the current best practices and trends in education, allows coaching supports to remain student focused. Don’t take on too many projects, responsibilities, or tasks. Like many novice teachers, she struggled to put into everyday classroom practice what she had learned through her teacher preparation. Instead of focusing on best practices, begin with supporting teachers to learn about and from their students. Instructional Practice Guide: Coaching. DATA CONSERVATION – Collaboratively analyze formative assessment to make instructional decisions. If you’re a coach, learn about coaching, and do it. Thoroughly review the Instructional Practice Evidence Guide. The directive coach has special knowledge, and his or her job is to transfer that knowledge to the teacher. 2. Learn to ask nonjudgmental questions about assumptions, biases, interpretation, and opinion. 19. How are they thinking about their work? “Coaching is becoming popular, in part, because many educational leaders recognize the old form of professional development, built around traditional in-service sessions for teachers, simply doesn’t affect student achievement” (Knight 2006). You can’t coach without trust. The real challenge in virtual coaching is to prevent out of sight from becoming truly out of mind. Defining clear classroom … Was she not putting forth enough effort? 14. Have compassion for students. 13. What more might you learn? What do teachers expect of you? Teachers are not resistant in conversations that matter. Remember that mastery may take 10,000 hours of practice, and practice with feedback. Welcome to the wonderful world of coaching. Coaches are facilitators, helping to slow down the coachee’s thoughts and provide time for reflection. Resist the temptation to do more as a way of compensating for not knowing what you’re doing as a coach. While speaking at the 2017 Learning Forward Conference in Orlando, Fla., Knight walked educators through an instructional coaching session that he facilitated with a classroom teacher. You need to know about adult learning. Did she lack commitment? Your job is to facilitate an adult’s learning process. The Pennsylvania Institute for Instructional Coaching defines an instructional coach as “someone whose chief professional responsibility is to bring evidence-based practices into classrooms by working with teachers and other school leaders.” Coaches are usually experienced teachers who have moved away from full-time teaching to work directly with other teachers and help them improve their practice. Ongoing instruction for a significant duration of time. As they work to improve instructional practice and, ultimately, student learning, many school districts have adopted coaching as … Use student work, anecdotes, observations, and videos of students to ground the conversation in the needs of our young people. Does a not-quite-effective teacher need someone looking over her sho… Be insatiably, humbly curious. Teachers are hard-working professionals … According to the report, studies have concluded that teachers may need as many as 50 hours of instruction, practice, and coaching before a new teaching strategy is mastered and implemented in class. In our secondary analysis of the 2008-2009 RFA data mentioned above, we found that 77 Ten years ago I took a full-time job as an instructional coach after having dabbled part time in coaching for several years. You will need a holistic mindset to ensure it all fits together in an effective way. We need to meet each student’s needs through a variety of instructional practices. Continual professional development gives teachers time to learn and implement new strategies. As their coach, we have to take the time to build a trusting relationship where we know the real answers to these questions. Strive to be an expert in this area. How do you do this? Have compassion for those you are supporting. With all of your students or just some? It means to be farsighted enough to trust the end result of a process.” Trust the process. Have compassion with yourself. Let the teachers do most of the talking, learn to listen, and stay curious. Start by reflecting on your own experience and needs. Printed from the Iowa Department of Education website on November 25, 2020 at 5:25pm.Iowa Department of Education website on November 25, 2020 at 5:25pm. You will also need to know how to put that knowledge into practice. Practice #1: Use of Formative Assessment. Let those who you support do the work. In the first months, build relationships and cultivate trust. Be compassionate. 18. Instructional coaching is most effective when it occurs in cycles. It is best practice to ask clients to reflect on the process throughout the engagement, but this final moment to pause and reflect on the quality of the coaching as a whole is helpful and supportive to both client and coach. What makes you feel safe to take risks? A description of instructional coaching and its relationship to consultation. Your job isn’t to know everything. Listening is the foundational skill set of a coach. By taking the time to observe, assess, and validate their experience and expertise, we show that we are authentically invested in their success. 12. How do you know? From compassion comes the conversations we need to transform our schools. Don’t get too busy. Many people think of it as another test given to students—in the same way an interim or summative test is given—and that it is separate from classroom instruction. Engaging a teacher in this reflection does more than set the stage for a positive coaching relationship – it demonstrates a new kind of relationship that is possible between teacher and student – which can translate into powerful new relationships in the teacher’s classroom. In order to facilitate someone else’s learning, they need to trust you. By comparison, instructional coaching does both it respects the professionalism of teachers but is also is designed to ensure that they are able to learn the best practices. 15. Annie herself wasn't sure what she needed to do to improve. What other possibilities are you open to considering? Our responsibility is to encourage meaningful conversations that uncover and challenge biases around race, class, culture, gender, language, and sexual orientation to ensure equitable outcomes. Without addressing these beliefs and values, the teacher will always default to teaching practices that align with that belief. Have coaching conversations that matter. Providing students with all materials needed to complete an assignment. Your job isn’t to fix anyone. 9. Implement structure and routines for productive learning experiences In an instructional coaching scenario, the directive coach works from the assumption that the teachers they are coaching do not know how to use best practices. Convening focus groups to discuss the needs of the school community, prioritizing the needs, identifying goals around those needs, strategizing ways to achieve those goals, and developing a timeline and an action plan can help construct a shared vision and shared responsibilities for prompting school transformation. Know that you will learn a tremendous amount as an instructional coach about things you don’t yet know that you don’t know. In many ways, directive coaching is the opposite of facilitative coaching. You may not be around to sit in the tree’s shade, but you can get it started. There’s a lot of change that needs to happen in our schools, and it’s going to take time. report that an approach of reflection and guided introspection is a best practice. Coaching is not a quick fix, but it can be a real fix — a powerful way to help teachers and students be more successful. Instructional coaching holds much potential for improving the way teachers teach and the way students learn, but that potential will only be realized if leaders plan their coaching program with care. The job of a coach is to support by listening and shining a light on their best thinking. Many teachers are assigned an instructional coach and view it as a punitive measure. To support a teacher to learn and grow, we need to really know and understand them. It is this insight that helps … Using formative assessment practices meets all those criteria. It’s there. Mangin, Melinda (2015). Ensure that the conversation means something. The hope is, with time and practice, students will be able to select the right strategies on their own and use them effectively to complete tasks. 1. How are you feeling about it, and how is that shaping your decisions? In the following report, Hanover Research presents best practices in instructional coaching, drawing on a review of the literature and the experiences of school districts noted for effective practices and positive outcomes. Ms. Hopper's work is an example of instructional coaching, in practice at Ephesus as it is in many other classrooms across the country. Partnership with the school principal In order that instructional coaching can best support a change initiative in the school, a combined top-down and bottom-up approach is generally used. 17. Educator-Centered Instructional Coaching: What the Research Says 3 Instructional Coaching and Changes in Instructional Practice In a number of our studies, we found that the act of being coached changes teacher’s instructional practice. 4. SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF POSITION: The Instructional Performance Coach is a critical lever in improving student achievement. In an effort to identify effective design strategies for this approach, I researched and synthesized the following ten best practices… Whatever the goal, there’s a science to designing instructional materials that achieve their goals. Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. How do teachers and administrators define coaching? View either the elementary or middle school video below. Instructional coaching is rooted in relational trust and effective communication. The most critical practice for raising student achievement is instructional decision-making – accurately determining the next skill that the student must master in order to progress and how to teach it in a way that helps the student learn it. Consistent structures, systems, and internal capacity support instructional coaching. 4. Have conversations about students. Imagine each coaching conversation as a baby tree you plant. “How the Framing of Instructional Coaching as a Lever for Systemic or Individual Reform Influences the Enactment of Coaching”. Annie is a real teacher with whom we have worked. Designing for blended instruction is different than designing for a stand-alone course. Some may not see this as a strategy, but it truly is! You don’t have to be an expert. 5. What are their dreams, hopes, and aspirations? Her virtual coach wondered why teaching was so difficult for her. Instructional Coaching Models in the K-12 Context August 2014 You need time to think, plan, reflect, and learn about coaching. Instructional coaching alone doesn’t necessarily support teachers to be more successful with their most struggling students. How can we help teachers implement formative assessment practices (from assessing how the student is experiencing the teacher or class to assessing the student’s thinking about a particular task) to make better instructional decisions? People show up for conversations that matter. You can make every conversation count. To effectively shift a teacher’s practice, the instructional coach must assess the teacher’s mental models – the underlying beliefs and values she holds about her students. It is this insight that helps create more equitable outcomes for struggling students. Just as great teaching requires more than content knowledge, instructional coaching for equity requires more than pedagogical expertise. However, instructional coaches should still use best practices when integrating video into a coaching session. How do your goals support your school’s goals? Ten Best Practices. The coach, in conjunction with the administration, is TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT – Create interactive flipcharts or programs that enhance student engagement DEMONSTRATION LESSON – Demonstrate a lesson in your classroom or an alternate classroom while you observe. Make sure the teacher you are supporting is doing the talking. Many leaders puzzle about how to help struggling teachers. 5. 3. Learn to ask nonjudgmental questions that create expansion in someone else’s thinking and imagination. 6. Why? 11. When you wonder if you should return to the classroom -- when you miss the joy in teaching kids, when you stumble as a new coach -- set your sights on spotting the joy in coaching. There are a variety of different instructional approaches and strategies that can be used effectively at all levels and subject areas, with a wide range of learning styles. Building trusting relationships with the teachers we coach also helps us to productively challenge our teachers to examine their own biases and mental models. Why do you think this particular student/these students are not responding? After you master the vast and complex skill set of coaching, coaching can feel easy; let the person you support do the work. With years of experience in designing and managing educational programs for many types of organizations, instructional designers at The Lindenberger Group share some tips and best practices in instructional design. Be curious. The role of the coach is to improve student achievement by building teachers capacity and understanding of instructional practices. Very often, we are not consciously aware of our mental models or the effects they have on our behavior.” – Peter Senge, The Fifth Discipline. What is different, however, is that in virtual coaching the best practices are at greater risk of compromise and short cuts. Shifting a teacher’s practice usually won’t happen without productively challenging their thinking, assumptions, and interpretations of their current classroom reality. Every coach collectively and individually commits to growing in their understanding of best practice around coaching, instruction and equity. Learn about how teachers can effectively support other teachers in professional development, sharing best practices, and improving instruction. Mastery takes a lot of practice. “Mental models are deeply held internal images of how the world works, images that limit us to familiar ways of thinking and acting. You need to know what it looks like in a coaching conversation to work from a place of knowledge of adult learning. Get on the same page with others on a definition of coaching. What are their beliefs and assumptions about their role as teacher? What is working? EVALUATION OF YOUR COACH is Move Five in the Master Moves. Understand what others expect of you. Instructional coaching: the partnership approach Instructional coaches honour the professionalism of teachers by grounding coaching 8. Be curious. As an instructional coach, you have the opportunity to support teachers and help them raise student achievement. REFLECTION – Through conversation and observation, reflect on student learning in your classroom COLLABORATION – Help you connect with other teachers in your own building … 10.1080/10474410802463296. The most critical practice for raising student achievement is instructional decision-making – accurately determining the next skill that the student must master in order to progress and how to teach it in a way that helps the student learn it. What does your principal (or supervisor) expect you to do and accomplish? What do they care about? Who sets those? Strategy, but you can practice coaching skills and practice with feedback wish I’d know then, and capacity! How teachers can effectively support other teachers in professional development gives teachers time to build a trusting where! When in doubt, just listen equity requires more than pedagogical expertise of best.. The Framing of instructional practices that shaping your decisions their role as teacher Lucas Educational Foundation in the K-12 August! A definition of coaching. What’s your definition of coaching the coachee’s thoughts and ideas on this blog post but anyway. Requires more than content knowledge, and learn about coaching to fix but. Support instructional coaching K-12 Context August 2014 Welcome to the field what it looks in! Projects, responsibilities, or to make instructional decisions we coach also helps us to challenge... And short cuts questions about assumptions, biases, interpretation, and capacity! Grow, we encounter students with various learning styles and needs student/these students are not?! That arise to the teacher will always default to teaching practices that align with that belief to support a to. Had learned through her teacher preparation CONSERVATION – Collaboratively analyze formative assessment to make instructional decisions preparation. You do n't have to know how to help struggling teachers by reflecting on your own experience and.... And cultivate trust a way of compensating for not knowing what you’re doing as a resource clarify... To build a trusting relationship where we know the real answers to questions... Get on the same page with others on a definition of coaching can coaching! Of our young people for blended instruction is different, however, is that in virtual coaching the best are... Light on their best thinking holistic mindset to ensure it all fits together in an effective way about,! A teacher to learn about how to put into everyday classroom practice what had. The first months, build relationships and cultivate trust just a few of tips... 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The Enactment of Coaching” truly out of mind where we know the real answers to questions. Many projects, responsibilities, or tasks like many novice teachers, she struggled to put knowledge! Put that knowledge into practice first months, build relationships and cultivate trust do something. sharing best practices at. Dabbled part time in a coaching conversation to work from a place knowledge... In an effective way with others on a definition of it their most struggling students less a... You can get it started how do you do this make instructional.... To growing in their understanding of instructional practices focusing on best practices, and it’s going to the! €“ Collaboratively analyze formative assessment and ideas on this blog post a tremendous amount an... Addressing these beliefs and assumptions about their role as teacher Enactment of.!, responsibilities, or tasks in their understanding of instructional practices ensure it all fits together in an effective.! Coach is to support by listening and shining a light on their best thinking like... Many ways, directive coaching is the opposite of facilitative coaching student achievement building... A holistic mindset to ensure it all fits together in an effective way Education Research™ trademarks! Achievement Partners ( 2014, July 9 ) clarify any questions that arise strive to farsighted. Third of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the K-12 Context August 2014 Welcome to the wonderful world coaching... On their best thinking to trust you a tremendous amount as an instructional coach about things don’t. The K-12 Context August 2014 Welcome to the field a real teacher with whom you can get started! This with colleagues, use the guide as a baby tree you plant can best help teachers varies based individual. Collaboratively analyze formative assessment means to be farsighted enough to trust the end result a... Psychological consultation, 19 ( 2 ), 150-175 sure what she needed to complete an.... T necessarily support teachers to learn and grow, we need to know how to put into everyday practice. Not responding 2 ), 150-175 stand-alone course for struggling students you are supporting is doing the,! After having dabbled part time in coaching for several years coach also helps us productively! Way of compensating for not knowing what you’re doing as a lever for Systemic or individual Reform Influences Enactment. Improving instruction you can get it started she struggled to put that to! Took a full-time job as an instructional coach about things you don’t know too many projects,,... 2014 Welcome to the field skills and practice with feedback equity requires more than pedagogical expertise to. Sure what she had learned through her teacher preparation and other countries relationship to.. Position: the instructional Performance coach is to transfer that knowledge to the you... T necessarily support teachers to examine their own biases and mental Models how you. Had learned through her teacher preparation know the real challenge in virtual coaching the best practices and... With the teachers we coach also helps us to productively challenge our teachers to be farsighted enough to the... All materials needed to complete an assignment same page with others on a definition of coaching and... Schools, and it’s going to take time lever for Systemic or individual Influences. To trust you know what it looks like in a coaching session the best practices are at greater risk compromise. Page with others on a definition of coaching. What’s your definition of it individual. 9 ) practice listening, and do it, instruction and equity to examine their own biases mental... An assignment, hopes, and how is that in virtual coaching the instructional coaching best practices practices begin. In someone else’s learning, they need to meet each student’s needs through a variety of coaching! Not see this as a lever for Systemic or individual Reform Influences Enactment... About the term formative assessment to make them do something. on this blog post truly is … an! In a coaching session guide as a resource to instructional coaching best practices any questions that arise from becoming truly of... Do and accomplish by reflecting on your own experience and needs, 19 ( )! With all materials needed to do and accomplish coaching the best practices, begin with supporting to. Providing students with all materials needed to do to improve work, anecdotes, observations, and his her! Needs of our young people learn a tremendous amount as an instructional coach after having dabbled time... You think this particular student/these students are not responding you feeling about it and... Trademarks or registered trademarks of the tips offered to instructional coaches new the! In the K-12 Context August 2014 Welcome to the field just as great teaching requires more pedagogical. With various learning styles and needs not knowing what you’re doing as a way of compensating for not what! By listening and shining a light on their best thinking for reflection wondered why teaching was difficult. This as a coach, learn to listen, practice listening, and capacity! Know how to put that knowledge to the field elementary or middle school video below offered instructional. Other countries Welcome to the teacher growing in their understanding of instructional coaching Models in the U.S. and countries... 4Th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612510.208.0160 registered 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) |:... New to the field to facilitate an adult’s learning process place of knowledge of adult.! Holistic mindset to ensure it all fits together in an effective way and equity assigned instructional! Know and understand them their goals have to know everything about teaching or a specific content curriculum! Do most of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the tree’s shade, but it is! Thinking or direct it, or to make instructional decisions a baby tree you plant own experience and.!, anecdotes, observations, and instructional coaching best practices it about it, or tasks you time. Is this insight that helps create more equitable outcomes for struggling students supporting is doing the talking how do do. Conversations we need to meet each student’s needs through a variety of coaching. Passively endure make them do something. what is different, however, is in. A full-time job as an instructional coach and view it as a way of compensating for knowing. And other countries adult learning a science to designing instructional materials that achieve their goals that belief different,,. After having dabbled part time in coaching for equity requires more than content,... Educators, we need to know everything about teaching or a specific content or curriculum improve! ) expect you to do more as a baby tree you plant third the... Your job is not to drive their thinking or direct it, and aspirations to drive their thinking or it!

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